Designed to automate repetitive tasks, an RMS does save time and is more efficient and accurate than a person. However, it’s not an either/or scenario, as you’ll see below.
Consider the tasks of an RMS. It handles pickups, cancellations, weather, market segment, demand, area events, and more. As an algorithm, it’s constantly calculating and recalculating the best room rates based on the current data. No data or incorrect data, and it can’t give accurate information.
A Snapshot of RMS
There are two types of RMS tools. One is “rule-based”, and the other is AI-driven (which still has rules but is much more sophisticated thanks to AI, artificial intelligence.)
1) Rule-based RMS: this type can be used by anyone without experience in revenue management as it trivializes the discipline, so this one doesn’t really need a revenue manager. This software is rudimentary and, as such, gives limited results.
As hoteliers, you recognize there are dozens of variables that affect pricing. Pickups, cancellations, weather, brand reputation, and market segment are just a few.
The so-called “rule-based” use a basic algorithm that usually manages one or two variables and automatically adjusts rates accordingly. For example, they can recognize that higher market demand or hotel occupancy is an opportunity for higher rates. Or they react in relation to competitive set pricing. But they do not contextualize and correlate all the possible variables among one another. Moreover, as a machine, it can’t make the analytical decisions for things to change, leading to increased demand.
Revenue management is a discipline with an ongoing learning process. Hotels and market change. World events require recalibration and an AI-driven RMS combined with a skilled revenue manager.
2) AI-driven RMS: it takes into account all these multiple variables. Still, most importantly, they incorporate machine learning to learn how humans (revenue managers) react to these variables to replicate their behavior (increase or decrease prices and by what amount, or not change them at all).
Machine learning is part of AI (more on this below.) Whether chatbots, robots, or AI-enabled RMS, the machine learns from the humans that operate it. They don’t replace humans; they augment them.
The revenue managers are basically the “engineers” and teachers, and without them most of modern RMSs would not even exist.
The Role of the RMS
The AI-driven RMS and the revenue manager work together. The software simplifies data collection, rate elaboration and online distribution (provided a well-integrated open API connects the systems.)
When the revenue manager feeds the RMS the data ongoing, the so-called “auto-pilot” integrates the machine's work and the human. For example, with regular updates, the machine learning “learns,” and if the revenue manager is off-duty, sick or overseeing other properties, its prices are automatically adjusted and pushed online according to the revenue manager’s data it’s learned on.
That’s why AI-based RMSs must be continuously accompanied and monitored by skilled and professional human revenue managers in their learning process.
Just as search engines evolved thanks to the software engineers who understand and build complex algorithms, the predictions of your RMS develop based on the revenue manager’s understanding of the data they input.
An RMS is a sophisticated software, but it’s still only software. It automates and crosschecks historical data, future data and current market conditions to predict customer demand and make rate recommendations. It’s a cross-section of data that helps a hotel discover the optimum timing and market segments. Yet it takes a revenue manager to run the reports based on variable factors and apply their proficient analytical skills to predict the revenue potential.
As you can see, the RMS does the pricing automation, but it’s the revenue manager who interprets the data and makes strategic adjustments, teaching the machine on a regular basis.
We’ll share real-world examples below of successful revenue management approaches but first, how does an RMS work?
Machine Learning Underlies AI-Enabled RMS
Today’s RMS tools are built on AI (artificial intelligence) and ML (machine learning.) AI and ML work together and become more efficient over time as long as the revenue manager continues to feed the data and make adjustments based on results. The machine learning part learns to be more efficient with room pricing, and your revenue grows.
While the RMS simplifies the data gathering and makes pricing suggestions and distributions, that’s where it ends, and the person brings the strategic thinking. They can decide the segmentation, configure the data to input, and suggest a commercial strategy.
Few GMs and hotel owners have the experience or time to analyze the RMS data and make strategic adjustments. Revenue management combines analysis, business intelligence, and cross-functionality to make strategic decisions.
As a discipline, revenue management starts with the strategy. The human revenue manager can read the data, ask the right questions, and know what adjustments to make. You can think of it as hiring a skilled surgeon vs. attempting your own surgery with some specific tools.
Without human interpretation, the software is almost useless. It’s easy to enter the wrong information in the RMS if you don’t know how to interpret the demand, historical data, and competitors.
Of course, you can get some results, but it’s not efficient, and you won’t get the BEST results. For instance, if you’ve never practiced revenue management and always had steady pricing, you’ll likely get some incremental revenue with a few pricing changes from RMS and favorable market conditions (no pandemic, wars, natural disasters etc.).
Yet, you won’t get as much as you could unless you add human strategic thinking.
Get 3X the Results with RMS + Revenue Manager
Imagine you’re a GM or owner of a small independent hotel. You’re interested in using dynamic pricing to boost your daily room revenue. Yet, as a small hotel, you don’t have a revenue manager, and you’re not sure where to find one. Plus, you don’t want to hire someone.
As a result, you might think, “Let’s try out the software and see how it goes.”
You find an RMS tool and subscribe.
At first, you’ll see incremental success. You'll see results if you’ve never incorporated revenue management into your sales strategy before. But it doesn’t guide you to strategic decisions.
For example, take room types. Could some of your double rooms hold 3-4 people? Could you call them a family room or suite and charge more?
The answer may be “yes.” But if you don’t put this information in the RMS correctly, the software won’t help. It can only offer results based on the data you decide to enter. So there’s always a human decision behind the final automated output. The software doesn’t deal in the realm of possibilities. But a skilled revenue manager can add analysis to the mix.
They can ask questions like, “What happens if we add an extra bed and sell these as family rooms?” If you change the room type, you change the data and get different results. In this case, the RMS will recommend a family room price in relation to a different level of demand.
Maybe you implement an RMS (software only) and see +10% incremental revenue. That sounds great. However, on a sample of more than 2.000 properties worldwide, Franco Grasso Revenue Team found such incremental revenue should be typically multiplied three times or more with an experienced revenue manager behind the RMS.
While the software can automate pricing, it doesn’t really provide insights on how to market and sell the rooms properly, which is strictly connected to the process of pricing itself.
Reputation Score and Distribution Affects Revenue Management
Trying distribution channels can help increase revenue too. A human revenue manager can identify channels that attract different types of clients. These could be more profitable than the +10% gain you enjoyed with the software alone and could lead to a 30% boost, leading to a different level of demand and therefore new pricing recommendations from the learning RMS.
Some channels are popular with specific market segments or geographic regions. The human revenue manager will identify and add channels to influence the marketing mix, demand, and pricing.
Here’s an example of relying solely on the technology without human revenue managers. Paradoxically some hotels have allotments promised to tour operators at contracted low rates or book groups months out at fixed rates. Others close the OTAs when they shouldn’t.
Such scenarios render the RMS useless.
As a software tool, an RMS excels at repetitive tasks. It analyzes data, provides pricing recommendations, and pushes the rates on online channels. It’s accurate and efficient. Yet, it’s the person who brings the skilled analysis.
They can assess things like minimum stay or non-refundable rates vs flexibility. The latter offers visibility and bookings via OTAs, website and offline. The RMS learns that by doing x, demand increases.
Every time you change the scenario, the output changes.
A revenue manager might consider it worthwhile to invest in amenities or additional services like parking, pool, spa, or an enhanced breakfast. Even updated and inspiring pictures and descriptions can change the demand and therefore pricing, and none of that can happen on autopilot.
One impactful tool is brand reputation. Your hotel’s score on Booking.com, TripAdvisor, etc., impacts its visibility, and more visibility often equals higher demand, occupancy and ADR. That’s good for revenue.
Amenities are one way to boost your hotel’s brand reputation. For example, this ebook shows how the improvements in breakfast service, overseen by a skilled revenue manager, boost brand reputation and visibility. These lead to updated pricing via the RMS, thanks to increased demand.
The reputation score on the OTAs affects your revenue. Imagine your hotel has an 8.7 on Booking.com and 4.5 on Tripadvisor. You implement an RMS and see 15% incremental revenue. That sounds good, but what if you had 9 on Booking.com and 5 on Tripadvisor? You could probably reach a 35% increase and boost your ADR.
That’s not something software can help with on its own. But a revenue manager can drive adjustments to boost the reputation scores and feed the new data to the system for a better repricing.
Autopilot and human activities
During normalized market patterns, autopilot is an excellent resource to help revenue managers. However, the last 2 years of pandemic have somehow challenged this concept. This article from Costar shows how some revenue managers in USA were forced to switch off the autopilot, override rate recommendations and thinking outside the box to capture alternative demand and driving business and profitability beyond just pricing.
The recent invasion of Russia in Ukraine brought similar challenges to revenue managers in some (directly and indirectly) affected countries. But the future can potentially hold even positive events where revenue managers need to switch off the autopilot, temporarily set a manual mode and teach the machine with newer and more relevant data.
Besides, the software alone can’t give insights into investments or cutting costs, staff scheduling, and other key activities. That’s too sophisticated for a machine.
Some analysts stated that RMSs will make revenue management fully automated, in other words revenue managers won’t be needed anymore. However, pricing and revenue management are not synonyms. Pricing is just a small part of the broader and more complex world of revenue management, namely the final part of the process. And while pricing can and should be fully automated thanks to machine learning (where teachers are revenue managers by the way), the entire process of revenue management simply cannot.
RMSs should be seen as a modern version of the Greek myth of Centaurus. Humans can offer creativity and strategy, machines provide efficiency and accuracy, and combined revenue will skyrocket.
Does it Make Sense to Outsource Revenue Management or Hire In-House?
Independent and small hotels don’t have the same resources as a well-known international hotel chain. Many well-known brands spend between 5K and 10K dollars a month (or more) for a revenue manager and RMS combined.
For example, brands such as CitizenM or Radisson Hotel Group are technology-focused and look for ways to apply automation to their processes. Yet, they always hire human revenue managers to oversee the RMS and other automations. You can see the way they outline the duties in their job listings.
Additionally, if you review the testimonials of the primary AI-based RMSs on the market, you’ll see revenue managers or revenue directors make them. These are the types of people who understand how to configure, teach and use the systems proficiently and profitably as they studied the discipline. And it’s no coincidence the same AI-driven RMSs target revenue managers (humans) with sponsored campaigns on LinkedIn and other networks.
As mentioned earlier, combining revenue manager (human) and RMS typically boosts a hotel’s revenue 3x. For example, if the software alone improves incremental revenue by 100.000$ yearly, then a skilled Revenue Manager using the RMS properly can get at least 300.000$.
Such a revenue potential is well worth the salary of an experienced revenue manager (usually between 50 and 100K/year.). That’s why chains invest large amounts of money on revenue management (humans plus software) as the cost incidence on total revenue is really low, statistically speaking between 1 and 5%.
However, it makes sense to outsource revenue management for many small and independent hotels. Some outsourcing companies allow hoteliers to turn revenue management into a performance-based variable cost by providing both human revenue managers and AI-based RMSs without fixed costs. Such outsourcing experts typically charge a small percentage of incremental revenue vs the budget or the hotel’s best historical performance. Such an arrangement is risk-free as you pay revenue management only if it brings a real return.
Whether you consider revenue management as an in-house or outsourced activity, one thing is sure: RMSs will never replace revenue managers for the simple reason that revenue managers are the primary software engineers and developers of all modern AI-driven RMSs.
Massimiliano Terzulli, Franco Grasso Revenue Team